Category Archives: How To

Flat Bread, Fast and Easy

Flat Bread:

Ingredients:
6 – servings —————————— 2-3 servings

2 cups of flour—————————— 1 cup
3/4 cup water——————————- 1/3 cup
2 tablespoons of oil————————- 1 1/2 tablespoons
1/2 teaspoon salt—————————- 1/4 teaspoon
1 tablespoon of baking powder————- 1/2 tablespoon
For cooking – 2 teaspoons of oil

Preparation:
If you like herb bread add 1 teaspoon of herb(s) fresh or dried that you like.

In a bowl mix all of the dough ingredients into a unified dough. Add a bit more water it your dough is dry.
Knead with your hands for 2-3 minutes and shape into a ball.

Divide the ball into 6 and roll each part into a disc shape.

Heat 2 teaspoons of oil in a nonstick pan on high heat.

Cook each disc of dough, About 1-2 minutes on each side. Take care not to burn your flat bread.

Place the flat bread on a plate or fold in half to be used like a flour toco tortilla, cover with a clean
kitchen towel to keep warm.

** Convert this recipe to make tortilla’s by omitting the baking powder.

Home invaders can be sneaky

Merry Christmas

Why We Need A Well Armed Police Force

Merry Christmas to all

Free Two-Way Radio, No FCC License Required

I will be discussing some of the most common radio setups. There are many other methods to setup and use your radio station. A good source of information is to find and talk to one of your local Amateur Radio Operators. Often called HAMS.

Hand held No FCC License radios are a really good way to stay in contact with family members and friends during emergencies, vacations and during outdoor events like hunting and fishing.

Useful Terms:
FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
Ghz (GigaHertz) 1 billion hertz
Mhz (MegaHertz) 1 million hertz
Khz (KiloHertz) 1 thousand hertz
Hz or Kc (Hertz) 1 hertz
HF (High Frequency) 3 Mhz to 30 Mhz
VHF (Very High Frequency) 30 Khz to 300 Mhz
UHF (Ultra High Frequency) 300 Mhz to 1 Ghz
FM (Frequency Modulation)
AM (Amplitude Modulation)
SSB (Single Side Band)
CB (Citizens Band) HF band
FRS (Family Radio Service) UHF band
MURS (Multi Use Radio Service) VHF band
Marine Radio – VHV at 1 or 25 watts

FCC Allows Free No License required on several Frequency groups. This information is general in nature for more detailed information visit FCC website.

CB (Citizens Band) operates on 40 channels in the HF band at a maximum of 4 watts output power. As of this date CB are authorized to operate FM, AM and SSB modes.

Note: FM mode is a new mode allowed for use on CB band. Currently few if any CB manfacturers are offering a CB with the new FM mode.

CB radios can be either hand held or mobile mount type radios and have an effective reliable range of no more than about 3 to 5 miles. CB mobile radios most often require 12 volt power supply and external antennas.

CB Frequency CB Channel Customary Use
26.96500 CB Channel 01 open to all
26.97500 CB Channel 02 open to all
26.98500 CB Channel 03 open to all
27.00500 CB Channel 04 open to all
27.01500 CB Channel 05 open to all
27.02500 CB Channel 06 open to all
27.03500 CB Channel 07 open to all
27.05500 CB Channel 08 open to all
27.06500 CB Channel 09 Emergency
27.07500 CB Channel 10 open to all
27.08500 CB Channel 11 open to all
27.10500 CB Channel 12 open to all
27.11500 CB Channel 13 open to all
27.12500 CB Channel 14 open to all
27.13500 CB Channel 15 open to all
27.15500 CB Channel 16 open to all
27.16500 CB Channel 17 open to all
27.17500 CB Channel 18 open to all
27.18500 CB Channel 19 open to all
27.20500 CB Channel 20 open to all
27.21500 CB Channel 21 open to all
27.22500 CB Channel 22 open to all
27.25500 CB Channel 23 open to all
27.23500 CB Channel 24 open to all
27.24500 CB Channel 25 open to all
27.26500 CB Channel 26 open to all
27.27500 CB Channel 27 open to all
27.28500 CB Channel 28 open to all
27.29500 CB Channel 29 open to all
27.30500 CB Channel 30 open to all
27.31500 CB Channel 31 open to all
27.32500 CB Channel 32 open to all
27.33500 CB Channel 33 open to all
27.34500 CB Channel 34 open to all
27.35500 CB Channel 35 open to all
27.36500 CB Channel 36 open to all
27.37500 CB Channel 37 open to all
27.38500 CB Channel 38 open to all
27.39500 CB Channel 39 open to all
27.40500 CB Channel 40 open to all

______________________________________________________________________________________

FRS (Family Radio Service) is a private, two-way, short-distance voice and data communications service for facilitating family and group activities. The most common use for FRS channels is short-distance, two-way voice communications using small hand-held radios that are similar to walkie-talkies. 1 to 3 mile range.

Below is a frequency and please note the Maximum wattage output for each frequency.

Channel No. Frequency Power (ERP in Watts)
1 462.5625 2 W
2 462.5875 2 W
3 462.6125 2 W
4 462.6375 2 W
5 462.6625 2 W
6 462.6875 2 W
7 462.7125 2 W
8 467.5625 0.5 W
9 467.5875 0.5 W
10 467.6125 0.5 W
11 467.6375 0.5 W
12 467.6625 0.5 W
13 467.6875 0.5 W
14 467.7125 0.5 W
15 462.5500 2 W
16 462.5750 2 W
17 462.6000 2 W
18 462.6250 2 W
19 462.6500 2 W
20 462.6750 2 W
21 462.7000 2 W
22 462.7250 2 W

______________________________________________________________________________________

MURS (Multi-Use Radio Service) uses 5 channels in the 151 – 154 MHz spectrum range. The most common use of MURS channels is for short-distance, two-way communications using small, portable hand-held radios that function similar to walkie-talkies. 1 to 3 mile range.

There are five (5) MURS channels. Maximum output wattage is 2 watts.

151.820 MHz (2 watts)
151.880 MHz (2 watts)
151.940 MHz (2 watts)
154.570 MHz (2 watts)
154.600 MHz (2 watts)

______________________________________________________________________________________

Marine (VHF) hand held or fixed station radios are an excellent investment if you spend time boating on large bodies of water. Over open water they commonly have an effective rang from 5 to 30 miles.
Marine radios are far more reliable than a cell phone, with its limited on-water range.

VHF Channel Plan

CH
Transmit
Receive
Notes
01A
156.050
156.050
(U.S.) Port Ops., Commercial, in New Orleans & Lower Mississippi
01
156.050
160.650
(Canada & International) Marine Operator
02
156.100
160.700
(Canada & International) Marine Operator
03A
156.150
156.150
(U.S.) U.S. Coast Guard
03
156.150
160.750
(Canada & International) Marine Operator
04A
156.200
156.200
(Canada) Coast Guard
04
156.200
160.800
(International) Port Ops., Commercial
05A
156.250
156.250
(U.S. & Canada) Port Ops., Houston VTS, Seattle VTS, Seattle Traffic
06
156.300
156.300
(U.S., Canada & International) Inter-ship Safety
07A
156.350
156.350
(U.S. & Canada) Commercial
07
156.350
160.950
(International) Port Ops., Commercial
08
156.400
156.400
(U.S., Canada & International) Commercial (Inter-ship)
09
156.450
156.450
(U.S., Canada & International) Boat Calling, Commercial, Non-Commercial
10
156.500
156.500
(U.S., Canada & International) Commercial
11
156.550
156.550
(U.S., Canada & International) Commercial, Berwick Bay VTS, Houston Traffic, New York VTS (Sailing), Victoria Traffic
12
156.600
156.600
(U.S., Canada & International) Port Ops., Houston Traffic, New Orleans VTS, New York VTS (Anchored), San Francisco Traffic, St. Mary’s River
13
156.650
156.650
(U.S., Canada & International) Inter-ship Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-bridge), Louisville VTS, Prince William Sound VTS
14
156.700
156.700
(U.S., Canada & International) Port Ops., Los Angeles/LB VTS, Lower Mississippi VTS, New York Traffic, Seattle VTS, San Francisco VTS
15
156.750
(U.S.) Environmental (Receive only)
16
156.800
156.800
(U.S., Canada & International) International Emergency, Distress, Safety and Calling
17
156.850
156.850
(U.S., Canada & International) State Control – 1 Watt Only
18A
156.900
156.900
(U.S., Canada) Commercial
19A
156.950
156.950
(U.S.) Commercial
20A
157.000
157.000
(U.S.) Port Ops.
20
157.000
161.600
(U.S., Canada & International) Canadian Coast Guard, Port Ops. (Repeater)
21A
157.050
157.050
(U.S. & Canada) U.S. & Canadian Coast Guard
21
157.050
161.650
(International) Port Ops., Commercial
22A
157.100
157.100
(U.S. & Canada) Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Information Broadcasts
22
157.100
161.700
(International) Port Ops., Commercial
23A
157.150
157.150
(U.S.) U.S. Coast Guard
23
157.150
161.750
(Canada & International) Marine Operator
24
157.200
161.800
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
25
157.250
161.850
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
26
157.300
161.900
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
27
157.350
161.950
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
28
157.400
162.000
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
61A
156.075
156.075
(U.S., Canada) U.S. & Canadian Coast Guard
61
156.075
160.675
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
62A
156.125
156.125
(Canada) U.S. & Canadian Coast Guard
63A
156.175
156.175
(U.S.) Port Ops., Commercial, in New Orleans & Lower Mississippi
63
156.175
160.775
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
64A
156.225
156.225
(U.S. & Canada) U.S. Coast Guard & Canadian Fishing
64
156.225
160.825
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
65A
156.275
156.275
(U.S. & Canada) Port Ops.
65
156.275
160.875
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
66A
156.325
156.325
(U.S. & Canada) Port Ops.
66
156.325
160.925
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
67
156.375
156.375
(U.S., Canada & International) Commercial, Bridge-to-Bridge in lower Mississippi River
68
156.425
156.425
(U.S., Canada & International) Non-Commercial Recreation
69
156.475
156.475
(U.S., Canada & International) U.S.: Non-Commercial, Canada: Commercial
70
156.525
156.525
(U.S., Canada & International) Digital Selective Calling (Data)
71
156.575
156.575
(U.S., Canada & International) U.S.: Non-Commercial Recreation, International: Port Ops.
72
156.625
156.625
(U.S., Canada & International) Non-Commercial (Inter-ship)
73
156.675
156.675
(U.S., Canada & International) U.S.: Port Ops., Canada: Commercial
74
156.725
156.725
(U.S., Canada & International) U.S.: Port Ops., Tofino Traffic, Canada: Commercial
77
156.875
156.875
(U.S., Canada & International) Port Ops. (Inter-ship)
78A
156.925
156.925
(U.S. & Canada) Non-Commercial Recreation
78
156.925
161.525
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
79A
156.975
156.975
(U.S. & Canada) Commercial, Non-Commercial in Great lakes
79
156.975
161.575
(International) Port Ops. & Commercial
80A
157.025
157.025
(U.S. & Canada) Commercial, Non-Commercial in Great lakes
80
157.025
161.625
(International) Port Ops. & Commercial
81A
157.075
157.075
(U.S. & Canada) U.S. Government Environmental Protection
81
157.075
161.675
(International) Port Ops. & Commercial
82A
157.125
157.125
(U.S. & Canada) U.S. Coast Guard & Canadian Coast Guard
82
157.125
161.725
(International) Marine Operator, Port Ops., Commercial
83A
157.175
157.175
(U.S. & Canada) U.S. Coast Guard & Canadian Coast Guard
83
157.175
161.775
(International) Marine Operator
84
157.225
161.825
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
85
157.275
161.875
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
86
157.325
161.925
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
87
157.375
161.975
(U.S., Canada & International) Marine Operator
88A
157.425
157.425
(U.S.) Commercial (Inter-ship)
88
157.425
162.025
(Canada & International) Public Correspondence (Ship-to-Coast)
AIS1
161.975
161.975
Automatic Identification System (AIS)
AIS2
162.025
162.025
Automatic Identification System (AIS)

Shortwave Bands

Frequency Range
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
2000 to 2107 kHz
8195 to 8815 kHz
19680 to 19800 kHz
2170 to 2194 kHz
12230 to 13200 kHz
22000 to 22855 kHz
4063 to 4438 kHz
16360 to 17410 kHz
25070 to 25210 kHz
6200 to 6525 kHz
18780 to 18900 kHz
26100 to 26175 kHz

______________________________________________________________________________________

NOAA Weather Radio broadcasts on the following frequencies across the country.
Note: Even if your radio will allow you to do so DO NOT transmit on NOAA weather frequencies.

162.400 MHz 162.425 MHz 162.450 MHz 162.475 MHz
162.500 MHz 162.525 MHz 162.550 MHz

______________________________________________________________________________________

Sources include many big box stores like Walmart. Ebay is also a good source of CB and hand held radios.
Some of the Chinese made radios like Beofeng and Wouxun are well worth the money and have proven to be as good of a choice as well known names like Cobra, Motorola, Midland and Uniden.

If you want to avoid Chinese made radios good luck. To my knowledge there is not a 2 way radio currently being made in the United States.
Note: Amazon is almost always much more expensive than most other radio sellers.

DIY Houseplant survival manuals

The complete houseplant survival manual : essential know-how to keeping more than 160 indoor plants alive.
725 Pages·2005·21.41 MB
Free download in PDF format
Houseplant survival manual

American Horticultural Society Plant Propagation: The Fully Illustrated Plant-by-Plant Manual
322 Pages·1999·87.77 MB
Free download PDF format
American Horticultural Society Plant Propagation manual

That was ‘My’ Idea

In the past few weeks I have seen TV advertisement selling what looks like a 1 inch wide foam paint brush to be used in cleaning hard to reach places. TV advert special price ‘Only’ $19.95.

I have been using foam paint brushes to clean hard to reach places for many years.

Save a few dollars. Buy 1 inch wide foam brushes at Home Depot at the everyday price of $0.68 each.

Image

Business owner – Don’t interrupt me

Ebooks and Books in PDF format – Download for Free

I have been meaning to post this Link for a while.
PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 79,850,920 eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy it and don’t forget to bookmark and share the love!

A little bit About PDF Drive

PDF Drive is a free search engine which allows you to search, preview and download millions of PDF files into your devices. Our crawlers are constantly scanning the world wide web to add PDF files to our database. In the case that PDF files are withdrawn from the web, then they are also immediately withdrawn from PDF Drive search results. In this way, our PDF Drive library stays up-to-date, while continuously growing and offering you an enormous database to search. In addition to the traditional search engines, PDF Drive has these extra features:

Previews
All files have cover photos which helps you save time.

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You can filter and sort PDF files by their page number, publication date, file size, and/or by popularity.

Fast
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Up-to-date
PDF Drive’s archive is constantly growing while being consistently and efficiently updated.

Hope you find something that makes your life easier and filled with fun.

Bugs Bugging You? Help is on the way

Cucumber Magic: If grubs and slugs are ruining your planting beds? Place a few slices of cucumber in a small aluminum pie pan, place it in your garden and soon your garden will be free of pests all season long. The chemicals in the cucumber react with the aluminum to give off a scent undetectable to humans but drive garden pests crazy and make them flee the area.
{Disclaimer: I don’t know if this really works, but, it’s worth a try.}

Dalmatian Pyrethrum Chrysan-themum cinerarifolium. This variety of chrysanthemum is the source for many natural insecticides for flying and crawling insects. It is one of the least harmful to mammals or birds, but the dried flowers of the pyrethrum daisy will kill or stun the insects the moment it touches them. It is one of the safest pesticides to use on pests and their bedding to keep fleas and ticks away. The powder is the result of drying and crushing the flowers.

English Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium. A small-leaved herb that has spikes of lavender flowers, pennyroyal is a member of the mint family. Ground pennyroyal is one of the most effective tick deterrents available. Dust powder made from the leaves around areas where the pet sleeps and plays.

Feverfew Chrysanthemum parth-enium. Feverfew blooms midsummer through fall. The flower heads are used to make a pesticide to kill many pest insects.

Lavender Lavandula angustifolia. All of us know lavender as a beautiful aromatic herb that is used to scent food, soaps, cosmetics and many other products. If you dry bunches of lavender and hang them in the closet, they will repel moths and make your clothes smell good at the same time.

Lemon Basil Ocimum basilcum v. citriodorum. An aromatic herb with small pretty flowers and lemony fragrance, lemon basil is a fine culinary herb. When planted in the garden close to tomatoes, it deters white flies.

Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris. Mugwort leaves are used to repel moths. They can be made into sachets or dried and hung in the top of the closet.

Peppermint Mentha piperita. Peppermint helps repel ants, aphids, cabbage lopers, flea beetles, cabbage worms, squash bugs and white flies. Plant it near susceptible plants or make a tea from the crushed leaves and spray it on infested plants.

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis. Rosemary leaves dried and powdered are used as a flea and tick repellent. Dust the powder around where your pet sleeps.

Sage Salvia officinalis. Sage is helpful planted next to cabbage to improve the taste and repel cabbage worms and moths.

Tansy Tanacetum vulgare. Leaves are used to repel ants and moths in sachets or when strewn around. The small yellow flowers are used in potpourri.

Wormwood Artemisia absinithium. Grows tall with gray silky foliage and spikes of small flowers. Powdered dust made from the leaves and sprinkled on plants and soil will deter many insects. It is not toxic; the bugs just don’t like the fragrance.

Tansy, rue and anise are good at repelling aphids, a perennial garden pest. Chamomile and hyssop will help discourage cabbage moths on your cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli. Basil and dill planted near your tomato plants will help keep tomato hornworms away. Dill and fennel are also good food plants for butterflies, particularly the swallowtail. They lure the caterpillars from other plants.

Beetles and squash bugs on your squash and cucumbers, plant mint, oregano or tansy nearby. Catnip and savory will discourage flea beetles and bean beetles on your bean plants, parsley and rosemary will keep carrot flies away from your carrots.

You can used dried herbs to make fragrant potpourri or sachets that will repel insects in the closet or storage chests.
Mint, rosemary, rue, tansy, thyme, wormwood, southernwood, lavender, pennyroyal and lemon geranium are all excellent at repelling moths that get into your winter clothes.
Put the dried herbs in a cloth bag {cheese cloth} that is loosely woven enough to let the air circulate and let it hang from a hanger in the closet or tuck it into a drawer or chest for the summer. When it comes time to get out your winter clothes, they’ll smell good and be moth-free.

2021 – Purple Martin Northern Migration

Nearing the end of March, 2021, Purple Martin scout birds have been reported as far north as Wisconsin and Pennsylvania.

If you haven’t put up your Martin house now is the time to get your Martin house up in the air.
Location of your Martin house is an important consideration.
Poor house site location can lead to few or no Martins nesting in you Martin house.

Best results will be achieved if:
Martins prefer housing that is placed in open areas with clear flyways. Choose the largest open spot available, about 30-120 feet from human housing and at least 40-60 feet from trees.
Height of the housing should be no lower than 10 feet. Keep tall bushes, shrubs and vines at least 6 feet away from the pole.

Good luck attracting nesting Martins to your yard and garden.