Category Archives: How To

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Business owner – Don’t interrupt me

Ebooks and Books in PDF format – Download for Free

I have been meaning to post this Link for a while.
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PDF Drive is a free search engine which allows you to search, preview and download millions of PDF files into your devices. Our crawlers are constantly scanning the world wide web to add PDF files to our database. In the case that PDF files are withdrawn from the web, then they are also immediately withdrawn from PDF Drive search results. In this way, our PDF Drive library stays up-to-date, while continuously growing and offering you an enormous database to search. In addition to the traditional search engines, PDF Drive has these extra features:

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Hope you find something that makes your life easier and filled with fun.

Bugs Bugging You? Help is on the way

Cucumber Magic: If grubs and slugs are ruining your planting beds? Place a few slices of cucumber in a small aluminum pie pan, place it in your garden and soon your garden will be free of pests all season long. The chemicals in the cucumber react with the aluminum to give off a scent undetectable to humans but drive garden pests crazy and make them flee the area.
{Disclaimer: I don’t know if this really works, but, it’s worth a try.}

Dalmatian Pyrethrum Chrysan-themum cinerarifolium. This variety of chrysanthemum is the source for many natural insecticides for flying and crawling insects. It is one of the least harmful to mammals or birds, but the dried flowers of the pyrethrum daisy will kill or stun the insects the moment it touches them. It is one of the safest pesticides to use on pests and their bedding to keep fleas and ticks away. The powder is the result of drying and crushing the flowers.

English Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium. A small-leaved herb that has spikes of lavender flowers, pennyroyal is a member of the mint family. Ground pennyroyal is one of the most effective tick deterrents available. Dust powder made from the leaves around areas where the pet sleeps and plays.

Feverfew Chrysanthemum parth-enium. Feverfew blooms midsummer through fall. The flower heads are used to make a pesticide to kill many pest insects.

Lavender Lavandula angustifolia. All of us know lavender as a beautiful aromatic herb that is used to scent food, soaps, cosmetics and many other products. If you dry bunches of lavender and hang them in the closet, they will repel moths and make your clothes smell good at the same time.

Lemon Basil Ocimum basilcum v. citriodorum. An aromatic herb with small pretty flowers and lemony fragrance, lemon basil is a fine culinary herb. When planted in the garden close to tomatoes, it deters white flies.

Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris. Mugwort leaves are used to repel moths. They can be made into sachets or dried and hung in the top of the closet.

Peppermint Mentha piperita. Peppermint helps repel ants, aphids, cabbage lopers, flea beetles, cabbage worms, squash bugs and white flies. Plant it near susceptible plants or make a tea from the crushed leaves and spray it on infested plants.

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis. Rosemary leaves dried and powdered are used as a flea and tick repellent. Dust the powder around where your pet sleeps.

Sage Salvia officinalis. Sage is helpful planted next to cabbage to improve the taste and repel cabbage worms and moths.

Tansy Tanacetum vulgare. Leaves are used to repel ants and moths in sachets or when strewn around. The small yellow flowers are used in potpourri.

Wormwood Artemisia absinithium. Grows tall with gray silky foliage and spikes of small flowers. Powdered dust made from the leaves and sprinkled on plants and soil will deter many insects. It is not toxic; the bugs just don’t like the fragrance.

Tansy, rue and anise are good at repelling aphids, a perennial garden pest. Chamomile and hyssop will help discourage cabbage moths on your cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli. Basil and dill planted near your tomato plants will help keep tomato hornworms away. Dill and fennel are also good food plants for butterflies, particularly the swallowtail. They lure the caterpillars from other plants.

Beetles and squash bugs on your squash and cucumbers, plant mint, oregano or tansy nearby. Catnip and savory will discourage flea beetles and bean beetles on your bean plants, parsley and rosemary will keep carrot flies away from your carrots.

You can used dried herbs to make fragrant potpourri or sachets that will repel insects in the closet or storage chests.
Mint, rosemary, rue, tansy, thyme, wormwood, southernwood, lavender, pennyroyal and lemon geranium are all excellent at repelling moths that get into your winter clothes.
Put the dried herbs in a cloth bag {cheese cloth} that is loosely woven enough to let the air circulate and let it hang from a hanger in the closet or tuck it into a drawer or chest for the summer. When it comes time to get out your winter clothes, they’ll smell good and be moth-free.

2021 – Purple Martin Northern Migration

Nearing the end of March, 2021, Purple Martin scout birds have been reported as far north as Wisconsin and Pennsylvania.

If you haven’t put up your Martin house now is the time to get your Martin house up in the air.
Location of your Martin house is an important consideration.
Poor house site location can lead to few or no Martins nesting in you Martin house.

Best results will be achieved if:
Martins prefer housing that is placed in open areas with clear flyways. Choose the largest open spot available, about 30-120 feet from human housing and at least 40-60 feet from trees.
Height of the housing should be no lower than 10 feet. Keep tall bushes, shrubs and vines at least 6 feet away from the pole.

Good luck attracting nesting Martins to your yard and garden.

Germination Chart For Annual Flowering Plants

Germination requirements (light and temperature) vary among the different flowers and vegetables. The various crops also differ in the length of time from seed sowing until the seedlings are transplanted outdoors.

The following chart provides germination information for many of the commonly grown annual flowers.

Annual Germination
Temperature
(Fahrenheit)
Lighting Days to
Germination
Weeks Sowing
to Planting
Ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum) 70-75 L 7-10 8
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) 70 L 7-14 8-10
Wax Begonia (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum) 70-75 L 14 10-12
Annual Aster (Callistephus chinensis) 70 L-D 7-10 6-8
Vinca (Cathranthus roseus) 70-75 L-D 14 10
Cockscomb (Cleosia spp.) 70-75 D 7-10 6-7
Bachelor's Button (Centaurea cyanus) 65-70 L-D 7-14 8
Cosmos (Cosmos spp.) 70 D 5-7 4-6
Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) 75 L 10-14 14
Globe Amaranth (Gomphrena globosa) 70 L-D 14 7-8
Sunflower* (Helianthus annuus) 70 D 5-7 3-4
Strawflower (Helichrysum bracteatum) 70-75 L-D 7-10 6-8
Impatiens (Impatiens wallerana) 70-75 L 10-14 8-10
Annual Statice (Limonium sinuatum) 70 L-D 7-10 8-10
Melampodium (Melampodium paludosum) 65-70 L-D 7-10 7
Four-O'Clock (Mirabilis jalapa) 70 D 5-7 6-8
Flowering Tobacco (Nicotiana alata) 70-75 L 10-14 8
Geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum) 70-75 D 7-21 12
Petunia (Petunia x hybrida) 75 L 7-10 8-10
Moss Rose (Portulaca grandiflora) 75 L 7-10 10
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp.) 70 L-D 7-14 10
Red Salvia (Salvia splendens) 70-75 L 10-14 8
Mealycup Sage (Salvia farinacea) 70-75 L 10-14 8-9
Creeping Zinnia (Sanvitalia procumbens) 70 D 7-10 6-7
Coleus (Solenostemon spp.) 70-75 L 10-14 8-10
Dahlberg Daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba) 65-70 L 14 8
Nasturtium* (Tropaeolum majus) 65-70 D 10-14 5-6
Zinnia (Zinnia elegans) 70 D 5-7 5

*Sunflowers and nasturtiums do not transplant well. Both should be seeded directly into peat pots.

Light conditions during germination are critical for many annual flowers. The seeds of some plant species require light for germination. (In the table above, annuals that require light for germination are designated with the letter L in the lighting column.) After sowing these seeds, lightly press them into the germination medium, but do not cover them. The seeds of other flowers require darkness (D) and should be covered with the germination medium. Finally, those designated L-D should be lightly covered, leaving the seeds as close to the soil surface as possible.

Category: Horticulture
Authors: Richard Jauron
Iowa State University

Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Horticulture and Home Pest News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach.

Garden Vegetable Germination Chart

Vegetable Germination Chart

Hummingbird migration sighting map – March 7, 2021

Hummingbirds will soon be arriving all across the USA. It’s time to find and clean feeders and prepare for the birds arrival.
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Soil Temperature is more important than calendar date

Soil Temperature is the true key for better and quicker seed germination. Soil Temperature is equally important when your plant seedlings. With the right soil temperature seedlings will quickly send out roots and become well established healthy plants.

To day my soil temperature at 4 inch depth is 48%. Time to plant cool weather loving crops like onions and garlic for fall harvest.

Here is a planting chart with some of the more common garden crops and the best soil temperature to plant.

Amateur Radio as a hobby


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Thursday evening 2 of my grandsons traveled to Norman (90 miles) to take their Technician class Amateur Radio license test.
One passed the other missed 1 question to many to pass. 😦

Here is the amazing part. They left the test site around 7PM. He received an email from FCC with his new Amateur Radio license call sign, KI5OLR a few minutes after 10PM.

Other grandson and his girlfriend will retest the second week of April.
Fingers crossed for 2 new Technicians in April.

Where do pencils come from?

I see a teacher parent meeting coming from this man, boy discussion.

DIY – Chicken water warming system that really works

It’s a little late this winter, but it is valuable information that will save you lots of time and aggravation and keep your chickens supplied with fresh water even on the coldest days of winter.

DIY – Chicken water warming system Please note the light bulb(s) must be incandescent bulb(s) and not LED or CFL bulbs.
LED and CFL light bulbs produce little or no heat.

After reading this DIY project I believe 100 watt incandescent bulbs will be your best choice.
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