Combination Planting Guide

Todd Weinmann of North Dakota State University Agriculture Extension said “Here are combinations found to be beneficial over time.”

Consider planting vegetables and flowers near each other to improve taste and to ward off destructive insect pest.

ASPARAGUS- Companions: Basil, parsley, tomato.
Ally: Pot marigold deters beetles.

BEANS – Companions: Beet (to bush beans only), cabbage family, carrot, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, pea, potatoes, radish, strawberry. *Enemies: Garlic, onion and shallot stunt the growth of beans.
Allies: Marigold deters Mexican bean beetles. Nasturtium and rosemary deter bean beetles. Summer savory deters bean beetles, improves growth and flavor.

BEETS – Companions: Bush beans, cabbage family, lettuce, onion.
Ally: Garlic improves growth and flavor.
*Enemies: Pole beans and beets stunt each other’s growth.

CABBAGE FAMILY (Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, kale and kohlrabi) – Companions: Beet, celery, chard, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potato, spinach.
Allies: Chamomile and garlic improve growth and flavor.
Hint: Catnip, hyssop, rosemary and sage deter cabbage moth.
Dill improves growth and health.
Mint deters cabbage moth and ants, improves health and flavor.
Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles, aphids.
Southernwood deters cabbage moth, improves growth and flavor.
Tansy deters cabbageworm and cutworm.
Thyme deters cabbageworm.
*Enemies: Kohlrabi and tomato stunt each other’s growth.

CARROTS – Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, pea, pepper, radish, tomato. Allies: Chives improve growth and flavor. Rosemary and sage deter carrot fly. *Enemy: Dill retards growth.

CELERY- Companions: Bean, cabbage family and tomato.
Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids. Nasturtium deters bugs and aphids.

CHARD – Companions: Bean, cabbage family and onion

CORN – Companions: Bean, cucumber, melon, parsley, pea, potato, pumpkin, squash.
*Enemies: Tomatoes and corn are attacked by the same worm.
Allies: Odorless marigold and white geranium deter Japanese beetles.
Pigweed raises nutrients from the subsoil to where the corn can reach them.

CUCUMBER – Companions: Bean, cabbage family, corn, pea, radish, tomato
*Enemy: Sage is generally injurious to cucumber.
Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Hint: Nasturtium deters aphids, beetles and bugs, improves growth and flavor.
Oregano deters pests in general.
Tansy deters ants, beetles, bugs, flying insects.

EGGPLANT-Companions: Bean, pepper.
Allies: Marigold deters nematodes.

LETTUCE – Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, onion, radish, strawberry.
Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids.

MELONS-Companions: Corn, pumpkin, radish, squash.
Allies: Marigold deters beetles. Nasturtium deters bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

ONlONS – Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, chard, lettuce, pepper, strawberry, tomato.
*Enemies: Onions stunt bean, pea.
Allies: Chamomile and summer savory improve growth and flavor.
Pigweed raises nutrients from subsoil and makes them available to the onions. Sow thistle improves growth and health.

PARSLEY – Companions: Asparagus, corn, tomato.

PEAS – Companions: Bean, carrot, corn, cucumber, radish, turnip.
Allies: Chives deter aphids. Mint improves health and flavor.
*Enemies: Garlic and onion stunt the growth of peas.

PEPPERS – Companions: Carrot, eggplant, onion and tomato.

POTATOES – Companions: Beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, pea.
*Enemies: Tomatoes and potatoes are attacked by the same blight.
Allies: Horseradish, planted at the corners of the potato patch, provides general protection.
Marigold deters beetles.

PUMPKINS – Companions: Corn, melon, squash.
Allies: Marigold deters beetles. Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles. Oregano provides general pest protection.

RADISHES – Companions: Bean, carrot, cucumber, lettuce, melon, pea.
Allies: Chervil and nasturtium improve growth and flavor.
*Enemy: Hyssop.

SPINACH – Companions: Cabbage family, strawberry.

SQUASH – Companions: Corn, melon, pumpkin.
Allies: Borage deters worms, improves growth and flavor.
Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters squash bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

STRAWBERRY – Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, spinach, thyme.
*Enemy: Cabbage.
Allies: Borage strengthens resistance to insects and disease.
Thyme, as a border, deters worms.

TOMATOES- Companions: Asparagus, carrot, celery, cucumber, onion, parsley, pepper.
*Enemies: Corn and tomato are attacked by the same worm.
Dill retards tomato growth see(**).
Kohlrabi stunts tomato growth.
Potatoes and tomatoes are attacked by the same blight.
Allies: Basil repels flies and mosquitoes, improves growth and flavor.
Bee balm, chives and mint improve health and flavor.
Borage deters tomato worm, improves growth and flavor.
**Dill, until mature, improves growth and health. Once mature, it stunts tomato growth.
Marigold deters nematodes.
Pot marigold deters tomato worm and general garden pests.

TURNIPS – Companion: Pea

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9 responses to “Combination Planting Guide

  1. This is very useful. I’m going out for armfuls of catnip, hyssop and everything else you mention that deters the pretty cabbage moth.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. One other FYI for you to share is get the book “Carrots Love Tomatoes by Lousie Riotte” – it is our gardening bible for companion planting.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. This is great info. Thank you!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. just getting my garden planed for this year this should help

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Thanks for this. Should be helpful.

    Liked by 1 person

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