Pruning Tomato Vines & Preventing Tomato Blossom End Rot

Prune or not to Prune Tomato Plants

The experts at Tomato Growers supply company give us the following advice on Pruning your tomato’s and controlling Blossom End Rot.

The decision to prune or not to prune tomato plants is controversial among gardeners. Pruning in most cases means limiting the number of main stems and/or removing the suckers on a tomato plant. Suckers are the nickname given to the shoots that grow in the v-shaped space between a tomato plant’s main stem and its side branches.

Some gardeners believe that removing suckers will direct plant energy into making fruit rather than foliage and lead to earlier, larger tomatoes.
Another thought is that by reducing leafy growth, plants stay healthier because of better air flow and less risk for diseases and pests.
However, research does not support either of these theories. One university study found no difference in the size of tomatoes between lightly pruned plants and plants with no pruning. Heavily pruned plants had 10% less total yield compared to unpruned plants.
Pruning also did not help the incidence and severity of disease.

In hot, sunny climates, removing too many suckers may cause fruit to suffer sun scald and become inedible. It’s wise to remember that tomato plants get food from their foliage, so the more leaves, the more nutrients go to the plant.

A pruned plant is a more manageable plant and easier to stake. This is especially important when your garden space is small. If you choose to prune, it is best to do so when suckers are less than a couple of inches long and still tender. Just grasp the sucker at its base between your thumb and forefinger and pinch it off, or rock it back and forth until it snaps. If shoots are longer, you’ll need to use a pair of clean clippers instead.

Preventing Blossom End Rot

Blossom end rot is a physiological disorder that appears on tomatoes first as a light tan lesion on the underside of the fruit. It gradually turns to a dark brown sunken area that eventually becomes black and leathery. It is most common on the first green fruit of the season, but may subside and even disappear later in the season.

Blossom end rot is caused by a failure of calcium to get to the developing fruit. Calcium is a mineral that is required in high concentrations for normal tomato growth. When a tomato plant can’t supply it to developing fruit, blossom end rot occurs.

It may seem that adding more calcium to the soil would fix the problem, but this is often not the case. However, it is a good idea to get a soil test to check for any soil deficiencies and to analyze soil pH. The ideal pH for tomatoes is between 6.5 and 6.8. Above or below this level, calcium can be blocked or “tied up” and unable to flow into plant roots.

Another common cause of blossom end rot is too much fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, causing plants to grow too fast. When they do, they may need more calcium than the soil can supply. It is better to use a fertilizer lower in nitrogen and higher in phosphorous, such as one with a 1-2-1 or 1-2-2 ratio.

It is also important to keep soils evenly moist to keep calcium flowing into developing fruit. One of the best ways to ensure an even soil moisture is with mulching. Apply a three-inch thick layer of organic mulch around tomato plants, but keep the mulch a few inches away from the main plant stem.

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8 responses to “Pruning Tomato Vines & Preventing Tomato Blossom End Rot

  1. We do prune the lower branches of our tomatoes, to improve air flow and reduce molds growing on the older branches because of the humid region that we live in during tomato season. We select branches that are beginning to turn yellow or brown, to cut and burn. My theory is that they are no longer contributing to photosynthisis/nutrition, and possibly starting to be affected by blight. Neighbors who do not trim their tomatoes usually say one day, “my whole tomato patch just turned black the other day…”. I suspect that they did not notice two weeks before that the older branches were beginning to turn, until the whole garden went into mono-culture demise.

    As to calcium, we save, wash, crush, and spread egg shells into our soil and compost pile year-round. My theory is that the calcium breaks down slowly, replenishing the soil on a constant basis. I have heard that the sharp edges of egg shells also discurage soft bodied vegetable eaters, such as slugs and snails.
    Oscar

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  2. I’ve never had a problem with blossom end rot. I grow my tomatoes in very fertile soil where we keep cattle in the winter. Maybe that’s why.

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  3. I removed them for the first time last season and found no difference, honestly. I’ve also never tested my ph and probably should as I’m sure it would allow me to fix some of the problems that I’ve had in the past. Thanks for the information.

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    • Lowes and other big box stores sell pH test kits and meters for about $12.00
      Soil Master Moisture Light & PH Meter
      Meter measures moisture, light and pH with just the flip of a switch
      The simple probe tester comes with easy to use instructions. Test results are easily read and accurate.

      Soil Master Testing Kit
      Testing kit contains enough tablets for 10 tests each of pH, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Testing tablets are accurate and easy to use
      Each kit comes with an instruction booklet and a color chart to interpret testing results

      Happy gardening

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  4. I always thought suckers had to be removed! Thanks for the education.

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  5. Great information!

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Timely information. Have just planted mine out. Mulch going on tomorrow!

    Liked by 1 person

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