Cole Vegetables For Your Spring And Fall Garden

Cole family vegetables will germinate at soil temperatures as low as 40 F. However, germination temperatures 45F to 85F will cause seeds to germinate faster with a higher percentage of your seeds germinating.
Hint: Keep your seed bed damp, Not Wet for better seed germination.

This means that Cole crops will be one of the first crops you can plant in your Spring/Summer garden.

Cole crops grow well on a wide variety of soils, but a well drained soil with high organic matter content is preferred. Apply NPK 5-10-10 at 3 pounds per 100 square feet before planting. These vegetables should be sidedressed once during the growing season. Sidedress with 33-0-0 at 1 pound per hundred feet of row. More frequent sidedressing may be required if the garden is sandy or leaching rains occur.

Water sufficiently to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Light sprinklings will only encourage shallow rooting of the plants. It is important to have a constant uniform moisture supply to produce a high quality crop and to have the spring crop mature before the onset of high summer temperatures. Mulching can help conserve water and reduce weeds.

Generally speaking, insect pest are less of a problem for Fall planted crops. Bolting to seed is also less of a problem when planted for Fall and early Winter harvest.

Cabbage leaf’s, collard greens, kale, mustard greens and turnip greens can be harvested at any size for use in salads. Small, young leaves are tender and have a milder flavor.

Cole crops enjoy cool seasons and are somewhat cold tolerant. Cabbage for instance can withstand frost down to 20 degrees F. sometimes surviving temperatures as low as 15 degrees F. Cauliflower and chard are more sensitive to cold than broccoli, collards, kale, kohlrabi, or mustard.

When you plant cole crops in your home garden you are investing in a healthful life. Gardeners are in the business of producing health foods even though they may not know it. Vegetables contain essential elements for health and the enjoyment of eating fresh garden vegetables makes health fun. Vitamin C cannot be stored in the body, making a daily supply essential to good health.

Cabbage broccoli, collards, and other vegetables of the cabbage family are rich in vitamin C, as are leafy vegetables. Kale and turnip greens supply carotene, which the human digestive system converts to Vitamin A.

The edible parts of broccoli and cauliflower are the flower heads which are quite sensitive to environmental and nutritional stress. Cabbage and Brussels sprouts produce leafy heads and can withstand greater fluctuations in weather conditions.

** Fall Planting Dates: Using the days to harvest on your seed package, add 21 days to get your seed to harvest times.
Based on your first hard frost date, count back from frost date days from seed to harvest to get your last chance planting date.

# Example
Find Your First and Last Frost Date
Your first hard Frost date 15 November
Seed package days to harvest 60 + 21 days = 81 days.
Count backwards, Your last chance seed planting date is: 27th day of August
It is OK and even preferred to plant before that date but anytime after that date will likely result in a failed Fall garden crop due to frost or freeze damage.
Many Fall gardeners start planting their fall gardens starting in late June and early July.

Broccoli
Days to harvest: 50–65

Arcadia—late (fall production); small heads; domed
Early Dividend—early; reliable yields
Green Comet—early; large center heads and side shoots
Green Valiant—midseason; small firm heads
Gypsy—midseason; heat tolerant
Mariner—midseason; medium-sized compact heads
Packman—early to midseason; uniform; large heads
Premium Crop—midseason; large center heads; few side shoots

Brussels sprouts
Days to harvest: 85–110

Jade Cross—large dark green sprouts
Prince Marvel—mild tasting; small to medium sprouts

Cabbage (green)
Early-season cultivars mature approximately 50 to 60 days

after transplanting.
Late season cultivars may require 100 or more days to mature.
Arrowhead—early; cone-shaped head
Blue Pak—midseason; medium to large dark blue heads
Bravo—midseason; uniform round blue-green heads
Dynamo—early; small heads; less likely to split
Gourmet—midseason; medium to large heads
Head Start—early; medium to large heads
Heads Up—early; fusarium yellows resistant
Rio Verde—late; large blue-green heads
Savoy Express—savoy type; early
Savoy King—savoy type; midseason; high yields
Stonehead—very early; small heads

Cabbage (red)
Red Acre—midseason; small round heads
Regal Red—early; medium heads
Ruby Perfection—late; small to medium dark red heads

Cauliflower
Early-season cultivars mature approximately 50 to

55 days after transplanting. Late-season cultivars mature
in 75 to 80 days. Novelty cultivars produce purple and orange heads that change color when cooked.
Candid Charm—midseason
Early Snowball—early
Fremont—early
Snow Crown—early; reliable for spring and fall
Snowball Y—midseason; solid smooth heads
White Sails—midseason

Collards
Days to harvest: 70–80

Flash—non-heading type; slow to bolt; blue-green leaves
Georgia—non-heading type; wavy blue-green leaves Morris—heading type; open pollinated
Top Bunch—deep green, slightly wavy, broad leaves
Vates—non-heading type; compact plants; smooth, dark green, thick-textured leaves; open pollinated

Kale
Days to harvest: 50–60

Blue Ridge—dark blue-green, curled leaves
Redbor—finely curled, red-purple leaves
Vates—finely curled, blue-green leaves
Winterbor—blue-green, finely curled leaves
Kohlrabi
Days to harvest: 50–60
Early Purple Vienna—early, reddish purple with
white flesh
Early White Vienna—early, greenish white with
white flesh
Grand Duke—pale green with mild white flesh

Chinese cabbage
Days to harvest: 60-80

Bravo, Market Prize, Rio Verde, Savoy Express
Tropic Giant (hybrid)
Green Jewels (hybrid)
Pak Choi Type – Joi Choi (hybrid)

Not from the USA. Please leave me comment about your home town and country.

Why is common sense so uncommon?
Don’t be Shy. Leave me your Comment(s)

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9 responses to “Cole Vegetables For Your Spring And Fall Garden

  1. I had never heard of the term ‘Cole crops’ before, I just refer to them as Brassicas. You learn something every day, thanks!

    Liked by 1 person

    • I make no claims to be any kind of expert on plants. I have been told that “Cole” refers to any of various plants belonging to the Cruciferae or mustard family, including the ones in the brassicas genus.
      Anyway I was referring to those cool weather vegetables that so many of us ‘Love’ to ‘Hate’.
      Happy Gardening

      Like

  2. I got it now – thank you for the clarification! We just define our plants by when they grow best (not big fans of latin names – LOL).

    Like

  3. Hard to avoid a wet seedbed in England at the moment. In fact hard to avoid having one that is several inches under water!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. I have some broccoli going now. Our temps have been a bit cool so they are growing slow right now.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Grin… good for you.
      Our soil temp is holding at or near 39F degrees and we have light snow forecast for this coming weekend. So, it will still be another 30 days at best before I will see soil temps pushing above 45F degrees.
      Happy Gardening

      Liked by 1 person

  5. We try to get 2 crops of our cold weather crops (you call them cole plants) one in during late spring (why we are starting seeds now) and the other fall to early winter (wont start seeds for those till about June) this also helps to keep some of the bad bugs away. Thank you for writing this! (nice adding the (days to harvest etc!) 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • I hope I did not mislead you.
      The terms “cold” and “cole” sound the same but have different meanings. “Cold” of course refers to temperature. “Cole” refers to any of various plants belonging to the Cruciferae or mustard family.
      Happy Gardening

      Liked by 1 person

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