Tag Archives: raspberry

Pruning Correctly Will Enhance Fruit Production #1

Before you start pruning fruit producing vines, trees and bushes you must know and understand it’s fruiting habits.

Blueberries: Optimum time to prune blueberries is in late winter to early spring after the chance of severe cold is over and before new growth has begun. At this time, it is easy to assess how much, if any, winter injury has occurred as well as how many fruit buds are present.
Fruit bud formation for blueberries occurs on new shoots the year before the fruit appears.

Raspberry: Pruning is an important part of proper raspberry plant care and maintenance, it is also a way to ensure and improve the development of the fruit crop.
It is preferable to do some pruning rather than no pruning.
If a raspberry plant is left unpruned, it may become tangled and overgrown and may be unfruitful as a result.

Pruning will vary depending on the raspberry varieties you plant. The best approach is to understand the bearing nature of the varieties you’re growing so you know how to prune when the time comes. Regardless of growth habit, some pruning should be done every spring to keep raspberry plants from becoming tangled and to improve their ability to bear.
Consider staking or trellis training your raspberry plants to keep them more upright.

Red, gold, and purple varieties of raspberries.
Once your raspberry plants have put on enough growth (which may not be until after their first year), prune in the early spring, just as new growth emerges.

Prune young canes back until they are around 4 to 5 feet tall. This will discourage overgrowth and shading and will improve fruit production and quality.
Completely prune back and remove all skinny, dead, damaged, diseased or otherwise weak canes. As your raspberry plants mature, it is recommended that you cut back the small, thin canes to leave only about 8 to 10 of the strongest ones.

Black raspberry plants have a slightly different growth habit, so pruning is slightly different.
When new shoots are 3 feet tall, prune off the tips. Tipping the canes stops the vertical growth and results in more vigorous side branching, where the fruit develops. These lateral branches should be pruned so that they are kept at about 10 inches long.

Pruning Floricane-Bearing Raspberry Plants also known as “summer-bearing” raspberries. These plants have the more typical fruiting habit, bearing one fruit crop on the lower part of their two-year-old canes . After fruitset and harvest in the summer, these canes will die back. You should prune them back to ground level in order for the one-year-old canes to thrive and become strong and fruitful second-year canes the next growing season.

Pruning Primocane-Bearing Raspberry Plants also called “everbearing” or “fall-bearing” raspberries. Primocane-bearing raspberry plants are unique in that they tend to bear fruit on the tips of their one-year-old canes, which ripens in fall in milder climates. In addition, as these primocanes become floricanes in their second year, they will fruit again, this time on the lower part of their canes the following summer. Other than that, these can be pruned and maintained in a similar fashion to typical raspberry plants.

If one large crop is desired, cut all canes back to ground level after the fall crop. This will result in a single, large primocane crop the following fall. Not recommended for northern gardens with short growing seasons and early fall frosts.

In areas with short growing seasons, a primocane-bearing variety’s fall crop may not ripen, so northern gardeners may prefer to treat primocane-bearing varieties as summer-bearing varieties and forego the fall crop.

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Berry Good Day For Gardening

Head Line News Report Hehehe, you really can’t make this stuff up.

A man was alarmed when the police helicopter swooped low over his property.
Soon, Bartow County, Georgia, deputies “strapped to the gills” with guns and with a drug dog in tow onverged on his doorstep.
They had the grower dead to rights.
Except the plant that cops had spotted from the air was … Okra.
Grin maybe I won’t grow Okra next year!!!

Berry Garden

Probably the 2 most important considerations in planning your berry patch is ample moisture and your soil pH.
To measure the acidity of a substance, scientists use the pH test. The abbreviation pH stands for parts Hydrogen. The pH scale runs from 0 to 14, 0 is a highly acidic, 14 is highly alkaline and 7 is perfectly neutral. Soil pH is normally in the 5.0 to 8.5+ pH range.

Many soils have a pH in the slightly acidic range (the upper 6’s). Only soils that have a high lime content running into the alkaline end of the scale. Most plants require a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0(Neutral pH). Wet soils tend to be more acidic than dry soils. Acidic soils 5.0 to 6.0 pH, Neutral soil 6.0 to 7.0 pH and
alkaline soil 7.0 to 8.5+ pH.

Berries don’t like me very much In my part of Southwest Oklahoma my soil is about 7.9 pH. way to alkaline to make most berry plants happy. Our high summer temperatures and dry winds do not favor berry crops.

Yes your right. There are things that can be done to admin soil to make it more acid based. However that is a never ending yearly project that I am not willing to start or do every spring.

I have included a U.S. map to help you determine your soils pH. Any area colored blue / blueish is basically alkaline soils. The brown / brownish areas have acid based soils. Click Map To Zoom In
usa pH map

Blueberry – perennial
Wild (lowbush) blueberries are smaller than cultivated highbush berries and are prized for their intense color. The lowbush blueberry is found from the Atlantic Canadian provinces westward to Quebec and southward to Michigan and West Virginia.

Highbush cultivars of blueberries are available, with each variety having a unique flavor. Rabbiteye blueberr is a southern type of blueberry produced from the Carolinas to the Gulf Coast states. Other important species in North America include the hillside or dryland blueberry. It is native to the eastern U.S. and is common in the Appalachians and the Piedmont of the Southeast. Sparkleberry is a common wild species found on sandy soils in the Southeast.

Raspberry – perennial
Many of the most important modern commercial red raspberry cultivars derive from hybrids between R. idaeus and R. strigosus.
Raspberries can be cultivated from hardiness zones 3 to 9. Raspberries are traditionally planted in the winter as dormant canes.

Warning Raspberries are very vigorous and can be locally invasive. They propagate using basal shoots (also known as suckers), extended underground shoots that develop roots and individual plants. They can sucker new canes some distance from the main plant. For this reason, raspberries spread well, and can take over gardens if left unchecked.

Blackberry – perennial
Blackberries can be grown in almost all locations in the United States and are hardy in zones 3 to 9. There are 375 or more species of blackberries growing worldwide.
Hint Blackberries like Raspberries can be locally invasive.

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