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Tag Archives: Gardening
Germination requirements (light and temperature) vary among the different flowers and vegetables. The various crops also differ in the length of time from seed sowing until the seedlings are transplanted outdoors.
The following chart provides germination information for many of the commonly grown annual flowers.
|Ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum)||70-75||L||7-10||8|
|Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus)||70||L||7-14||8-10|
|Wax Begonia (Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)||70-75||L||14||10-12|
|Annual Aster (Callistephus chinensis)||70||L-D||7-10||6-8|
|Vinca (Cathranthus roseus)||70-75||L-D||14||10|
|Cockscomb (Cleosia spp.)||70-75||D||7-10||6-7|
|Bachelor's Button (Centaurea cyanus)||65-70||L-D||7-14||8|
|Cosmos (Cosmos spp.)||70||D||5-7||4-6|
|Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum)||75||L||10-14||14|
|Globe Amaranth (Gomphrena globosa)||70||L-D||14||7-8|
|Sunflower* (Helianthus annuus)||70||D||5-7||3-4|
|Strawflower (Helichrysum bracteatum)||70-75||L-D||7-10||6-8|
|Impatiens (Impatiens wallerana)||70-75||L||10-14||8-10|
|Annual Statice (Limonium sinuatum)||70||L-D||7-10||8-10|
|Melampodium (Melampodium paludosum)||65-70||L-D||7-10||7|
|Four-O'Clock (Mirabilis jalapa)||70||D||5-7||6-8|
|Flowering Tobacco (Nicotiana alata)||70-75||L||10-14||8|
|Geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum)||70-75||D||7-21||12|
|Petunia (Petunia x hybrida)||75||L||7-10||8-10|
|Moss Rose (Portulaca grandiflora)||75||L||7-10||10|
|Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp.)||70||L-D||7-14||10|
|Red Salvia (Salvia splendens)||70-75||L||10-14||8|
|Mealycup Sage (Salvia farinacea)||70-75||L||10-14||8-9|
|Creeping Zinnia (Sanvitalia procumbens)||70||D||7-10||6-7|
|Coleus (Solenostemon spp.)||70-75||L||10-14||8-10|
|Dahlberg Daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba)||65-70||L||14||8|
|Nasturtium* (Tropaeolum majus)||65-70||D||10-14||5-6|
|Zinnia (Zinnia elegans)||70||D||5-7||5|
*Sunflowers and nasturtiums do not transplant well. Both should be seeded directly into peat pots.
Light conditions during germination are critical for many annual flowers. The seeds of some plant species require light for germination. (In the table above, annuals that require light for germination are designated with the letter L in the lighting column.) After sowing these seeds, lightly press them into the germination medium, but do not cover them. The seeds of other flowers require darkness (D) and should be covered with the germination medium. Finally, those designated L-D should be lightly covered, leaving the seeds as close to the soil surface as possible.
Authors: Richard Jauron
Iowa State University
Links to this article are strongly encouraged, and this article may be republished without further permission if published as written and if credit is given to the author, Horticulture and Home Pest News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach.
Garden Vegetable Germination Chart
Soil Temperature is the true key for better and quicker seed germination. Soil Temperature is equally important when your plant seedlings. With the right soil temperature seedlings will quickly send out roots and become well established healthy plants.
To day my soil temperature at 4 inch depth is 48%. Time to plant cool weather loving crops like onions and garlic for fall harvest.
Here is a planting chart with some of the more common garden crops and the best soil temperature to plant.
Here is the amazing part. They left the test site around 7PM. He received an email from FCC with his new Amateur Radio license call sign, KI5OLR a few minutes after 10PM.
Other grandson and his girlfriend will retest the second week of April.
Fingers crossed for 2 new Technicians in April.
It’s a little late this winter, but it is valuable information that will save you lots of time and aggravation and keep your chickens supplied with fresh water even on the coldest days of winter.
DIY – Chicken water warming system Please note the light bulb(s) must be incandescent bulb(s) and not LED or CFL bulbs.
LED and CFL light bulbs produce little or no heat.
Herbs Fresh or Dried purchased from your local Supermarket or Farmers Market are exceeding expensive.
These are sample prices taken from Walmart:
Litehouse Basil Freeze Dried Herbs $15.00 an ounce
McCormick Gourmet Organic Crushed Rosemary, $4.45 an ounce
Litehouse Chives $17.00 an ounce
Litehouse Parsley $14.00 an ounce
McCormick Gourmet Organic Thyme $7.60 an ounce
The best solution is to grow your own Herbs. Herbs take up little space and are very forgiving if neglected.
Most herbs will do well in containers, window boxes and planted directly in your garden soil.
If herbs are conventionally located to you and your kitchen you are more willing and more likely to use them when cooking and serving meals.
Herbs Make Common Foods Taste Special
Sage is a herb that does well if properly cared for. It requires a lot of pinching and cutting to keep it from becoming woody. As a rule, sage will need to be replanted about every 3 years since it will become woody with few leaves no matter what, so keeping it in a pot makes this change that much easier. Sage dries very well and if you pinch the leaves throughout the growing season, put a rubber band on them and keep them dry and in a dark place after drying. You will have wonderful sage all winter to give your family and guest a special treat.
Sage Use leaves flowers fresh or dried with stuffings for fish, poultry, and meat, pâté, eggs, poultry, pork, beef, lamb, pasta, cheeses cheddar, cream, and cottage, sauces brown and meat, soups cream and chowder, beef stews, and vegetables.
Rosemary is always a kitchen favorite. It dries perfectly, holds its strong taste all winter, comes indoors and keeps growing in a sunny window and is rarely bothered by insects.
Use rosemary for many herb standards or topiaries. The woody stem is perfect for crafting. The stem also seconds as skewers so each harvest yields two separate herb crops. 1)leaves and 2)stems.
Keep the stems in a freezer bag and use them for grilling skewers. Rosemary doesn’t like to sit in water it likes to dry out between watering. Being in its own container makes the herb grow that much hardier, since it can receive special care.
Basil is one of the most popular and rewarding herbs to grow in a container. It really lends itself well to the other popular container plants like the tomato. Basil likes to have plenty of water to keep its fleshy stems and tender leaves plump, but is susceptible to mildew. In a container, you must be sure the plant gets plenty of airflow.
Thyme is an undervalued herb. Many times it gets planted and never used. Thyme deserves a higher standing on our list of culinary herbs!
It will thrive in a container environment, needing only minimal watering. Some varieties grow into small shrub like plants that enhance an entrance to your home. It’s tiny purple flowers are lovely. Being such a low maintenance herb, thyme will fit in your container garden.
Mint is notorious for getting away from gardeners. You plant one and soon twenty will follow. Planting a bottomless pot into your garden is one way of controlling mint, but keeping it out of the garden completely, by using a separate container, is a better idea. Mint is so tasty, it will be used more often if it is handy.
Chives Leaves/Flowers Use in fresh or frozen soups, salads, salad dressings, eggs, dips, vegetables, chicken, soft cheese spreads, butters, white sauces, and fish.
English Thyme Use leaves flowers with fresh or dried wild game, beef, soft cheeses, fish, chowders, pâté, vegetables, and tomato sauce.
Tarragon French or Spanish Use leaves fresh or dried with chicken, fish, eggs, tomato juice, butters especially nice on steak, vinegar’s, salads, mustard’s, hollandaise, béarnaise and tartar sauce, soups, chicken, fish, mushroom and tomato and marinades for fish, lamb or pork.
Greek Oregano Use leaves fresh or dried
in white and tomato sauces, stews, soups, fish, lamb, pork, vegetables, butters, and vinegar’s.
Rosemary Use leaves fresh or dried
with beef, lamb, fish, poultry, stuffings, soups, stews, fruit cups, soups chicken, pea, and spinach, vegetables, and marinades.
Hint of the Day: Use fresh herbs blended with ‘real’ butter or sour cream for that special taste. Herb’s go well with fresh baked potato’s, snack dips and fresh garden salads.