Pepper – Easy to grow

Easy to grow peppers is the last of this ‘Easy to grow’ series … really. I won’t bore you with any more Easy to grow post. 🙂 Thank you for taking time to visit my little blog.

Peppers are a warm season crop. Red and green peppers are good sources of vitamin C, some vitamin A, and small amounts of several minerals. Red peppers have more vitamin A than green peppers.

Peppers are good consumed raw or cooked. Eat them as a snack, use them to decorate food, add them to salads and casseroles. You can also stuff peppers with seasoned bread crumbs and or meat and bake them. Of course you may want to pickle some of your pepper crop.

Peppers grow in all types of soils but do best in heavier, well drained soils. Plant them in areas that receive at least 6 hours of sunlight each day.

Work your soil 8 to 10 inches deep and rake it several times to break up the large clods. Work the soil only when it is dry enough not to stick to garden tools. Incorporate large amounts of organic matter into the soil, especially if you are planting in heavy clay soil. You can use compost, peat moss, rotted hay, or other organic matter.

Only a few pepper plants will feed most families, it maybe best to buy pepper plants rather than grow them from seed. Buy healthy plants that are 4 to 6 inches tall. About three to four hot pepper plants and eight to ten sweet pepper plants usually are enough for a family of four.

If you plant from seed, soil germination temperature for pepper is 70 F to 95 F. Pepper will not germinate when the soil temperature is below 55 F.
Tip Sweet peppers may germinate well when soil temperature reaches 70 or 75 degrees F, however the hotter your pepper variety the higher the soil temperature must be for good seed germination. Hot peppers may not germinate below 80 or 85 degrees F soil temperature.
Days to emergence: 7 to 10 with a soil temperatures around 85 F.

Peppers can be temperamental when it comes to setting fruit if temperatures are too hot or too cool. Daytime temperatures above 95 F or nighttime temperatures below 60 F or above 75 F can reduce fruit set.
Too much nitrogen fertilizer may promote lush vegetative growth but fewer fruits. Peppers usually responds well to phosphorus fertilizer. Look for something NPK 5-10-5.

At planting time add 2 to 3 pounds of fertilizer such as NPK 10-10-10 per 100 square feet of garden area. Spread the fertilizer evenly over the garden. Work it into the soil.

If you will plant single plants, place about 2 level tablespoons of fertilizer on the soil in the planting area. Mix it well with the soil.

Water the plants enough to keep them from wilting. Slow, deep watering helps the root system grow strong. Do not let pepper plants wilt because this will reduce yield and quality of the fruit.

After the first fruit begins to enlarge, place about 2 tablespoons of fertilizer, something like NPK 5-10-5, around each plant about 6 inches from the stem. Water the plant after adding the fertilizer. This will increase the yield and the quality of the peppers.

Peppers can be harvested at any size. If you pick the peppers as they mature, the yields will be greater. The first peppers should be ready 8 to 10 weeks after transplanting.

Pick bell peppers when they become shiny, firm, and dark green. If left on the plant, most peppers will turn red and are still good to eat.

Harvest most hot peppers when they turn red or yellow, depending on the variety. Jalapeños are mature when they reach good size and develop a deep, dark green sheen.
Note Hot types will be much milder when harvested small, young and tender. They will become hotter if left on the plant and began to mature.

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10 responses to “Pepper – Easy to grow

  1. We eat peppers throughout the growing season. For the excess, large ones become stuffed peppers in the freezer for winter meals. The rest get chopped and frozen to add to stews, soups, etc. Easy to grow; easy to eat. – Oscar

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Helen had some success with growing indoor red peppers on our south-facing windowsill but our climate here on a Scottish West coast island is more suited to growing potatos and I am pleased with the results this year.
    I have lost too many to slugs though and wonder if I should add lime to the soil to burn their little backsides .. what do you think pro?

    Liked by 1 person

    • I live in a hot, windy, dry area, slugs are seldom seen or become a problem.
      I did find this on line suggesting using lime.
      Slugs and snails are physiologically acidic. This explains why they are naturally found in wooded areas. There, the soil pH is normally low (acidic). They detest alkaline, or “sweet” soils. Vegetables of all kinds enjoy soil with a fairly high pH.
      The best cure for slug inviting acidic soil is to amend your soil with lime. In your vegetable patch or flower border, simply sprinkle a layer of lime there according to package directions,and water it in. The goal is to raise the soil pH to something between 7.0and 7.5.

      Also I found this: Dust ’em with Diatomaceous earth. Available at garden centers, ‘DE’ is the mined fossilized remains of dinosaur-era, sea-going creatures called diatoms. Looks like flour to us, but is incredibly sharp on a microscopic level, and dehydrates slugs on contact. (But it doesn’t work when wet.)

      Good luck and Happy Holidays

      Like

  3. I love peppers and I have a few plants that I’m overwintering now. This is my first time to overwinter them and hopefully they will survive.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. I meant to add that last spring I saw an odd plant sprouting and I left it alone to see what it was. A little red hot pepper plant had reseeded itself and grew over the summer, giving me several more red peppers. I hadn’t seen them reseed themselves before.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. Yes, they are easy to grow and I love growing them.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Thanks for taking the time to post these Easy to Grow articles, here in Bulgaria we grow all that you have mentioned but it has been interesting to read how they are grown elsewhere and we have picked up a few tips along the way.

    Thanks again.

    Liked by 1 person

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