Gluten-free diet could damage health of people without coeliac disease.
Gluten-free diets could be damaging the health of people who do not have coeliac disease, raising the risk of obesity, diabetes and malnutrition.
The diet, which excludes all food containing grains like wheat, barley and rye, such as bread and pasta, have been popularized by celebrities who claims cutting out gluten boosts health and aids weight loss.
Columbia University Medical Center, in New York, warned that gluten-free alternatives were often loaded with fat and sugar and lacked nutrients.
There is no evidence that a gluten free diet. Or processed gluten free foods are healthier nor have there been proven health or nutritional benefits.
Obesity, overweight and new-onset insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome have been identified after initiation of a gluten-free diet. It also may lead to deficiencies in B vitamins, folate, and iron, given a lack of nutrient fortification of many gluten-free products.
People self-prescribing a gluten free diet should be counselled as to the possible financial, social and nutritional consequences of unnecessary implementation of this diet.
Naveed Sattar, Professor of metabolic medicine at the University of Glasgow said “people should not adopt a gluten-free diet on the basis that they think it will be beneficial to their health unless they have a diagnosis of a condition such as coeliac disease.”