Slug Control: Research has found that carabid beetles (adults and larvae) devour large numbers of smaller slugs.
This beetle was introduced to the United states from Europe.
Black ground beetles live under leaves, old logs, and stones. They can be found in moist woods, fields, and gardens.
They can be seen searching for prey, which includes caterpillars, grubs, other species of beetles, fly maggots and pupae, aphids, weevils, earthworms, slugs, snails and other soft-bodied prey.
Common Black Ground Beetles breed in late Summer. The female lays eggs just below the soil surface. Larvae hatch and spend the Winter in the soil.
In early Spring the larvae begin feeding and then turn into pupae. They come out as adult beetles in the Summer.
Some adults may overwinter as well.
Ground beetles (Carabidae) are one of the largest and most successful families of beetles in the world. They comprise more than 40,000 named species. More than 30% of species are forest dwellers, the other 70% in general prefer grass lands and gardens, most are flightless and predatory.
Caution Know your garden insects. Many Beetles are Not Your Friend and will damage your Fruit trees, Berry bushes and Fruit producing vines as well as your vegetable garden plants.
Organic strategies for slug control
* Create undisturbed areas on the edges of your garden to shelter beetles, small mammals and birds.
* Plant borders densely to create cover for beetles and other insects.
* Go out at dusk and collect and squash slugs. Or, if you don’t want to ‘squash’ them, sprinkle them with a heave dose of table salt.
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