Planting And Transplanting Grape Vines. In almost every USDA hardness zone, February and March is the time to plant / transplant potted and bare root grape vines.
Depending on your variety choice you can expect mature vines to produce 15 to as much as 50 pounds of grapes per vine. Do your homework, select your grape variety with care.
Do your homework. Decide it you want white or red grapes, table or wine type grapes. table and wine grapes are not interchangeable! Select your grape variety with care. Be sure your grape selection is hardy in your USDA hardness growing zone. Northern growers may find that you are somewhat limited on the varieties that will survive your winter temperatures.
Many grape varieties make he claim that they are self-fruitful(self-pollinating). I strongly recommend that you plant a minimum of two vines and that they be different varieties. Something like he Hope and Interlaken or Canadice and Flame.
I am not recommending these companies over others. However they are a good reference to learn about Grape color, taste, production and USDA zone hardness.
Stark Bro’s company
University of Minnesota Is a good source on How to prune grape vines
Grape flowers and fruit are borne only on new shoots that arise from dormant buds formed on the previous season’s growth. As a shoot matures and drops its leaves, it is known as a “cane”. It is from canes that the next year’s fruiting wood is selected at pruning time.
The number of clusters that develop per shoot is a genetically controlled haracteristic of the cultivar and is not influenced much by the environment.
The number of berries per cluster, however, is greatly influenced by the health and of the vine and the environment during bloom time.
Thorough preparation of the planting site is essential to minimize weed problems and to increase the organic matter content of the soil. This should be done a year prior to planting. Problem weeds can be controlled with herbicides prior to soil preparation.
Warning 2,4-D and grapes do not go together! Even vapors given off by 2,4-D sprayed many feet from your grape orchard can cause serious plant damage.
Grapevines are host often planted in straight rows running in a North and South direction for maximum sunlight. Plant spacing, use your head, when a seller list plant with(plant spread) as 6-8 feet. To a gardener this means your grape plants must be spaced 12 to 16 feed apart. Not 6-8 feet apart.
Grape vine trellis. Must be very sturdy (heavy duty) to support the weight of your vines. Trellis support serves two purposes. (1 to hold the vine up where it can be managed and cared for efficiently, and (2 to expose a greater portion of the foliage to full sunlight, which promotes the production of highly fruitful buds.
Feeding your grape orchard. Year (1 of planting your grape orchard. Apply 4 ounces (1/2 cup) of N-P-K 10‐10‐10 fertilizer per vine soon after growth begins, and repeat this application about 4 weeks later. Spread fertilizer evenly over an area 4 or 5 feet in diameter.
Year (2 Apply 8 ounces (1 cup) of 10‐10‐10 per vine soon after growth begins, and again about 4 weeks later. Again spread evenly over an area 4 to 5 feet in diameter.
Year (2 and on, apply 1/2 lb. (1 cup) of 10‐10‐10 per each European type grapevine or 1 pound (2 cups) of 10‐10‐10 for each American type grapevine at budbreak. Spread evenly
over an area 3 to 5 feet wide on each side of vine.
This site contains easy to understand and easy to do DIY information on how to root green cuttings as well as hardwood cuttings. Never buy another expensive potted or bare root grape vine. Grow Grape Vines From Cuttings
If your lucky enough to have a friend or neighbor with grape vines, ask them if you can take a few cuttings to root and start your own grape orchard.
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