Why you never saw a Fat Farmer. Farming with horses and mules.
On average a plowman and a two-horse team on a single-bottom walking plow can, depending on the width of furrow, plow from 1 to 1½ acres in a day. When plowing a nine-inch wide furrow, the plowman would walk eleven miles for every acre plowed. For an average twelve-inch furrow he would walk 8¼ miles per acre and at least 12 miles as he approached 1½ acres per day.
FYI: A acre is about 208 foot by 208 foot plot of land. (43,265 square feet).
Feeding your garden It will soon be time to apply a side dressing of fertilizer to your garden. Plants just like children need feeding to grow. To be organic, and produce healthy, large fruits, nuts and vegetables you should apply well composted cow manure. Keep in mind that using any kind of compost there is a chance that you will introduce unwanted weed or grass seeds to your garden plot.
Pros of composted manure.
It’s slowly releases nutrients into your soil.
Composted manure will contain all the nutrients your plants will need and use.
You can make your own manure compost ‘if’ you have access to livestock manure.
Hint Chicken manure is very hot. Meaning that it is high in nitrogen and must be used sparingly to prevent nitrogen burn to your plants root system.
Cons of composted manure.
It must be well composted before you apply it to your garden.
It may contain viable unwanted weed or grass seed.
It may be to slow acting to get fast acting results your summer garden may need.
Fertilizer rule of thumb.
Apply a high nitrogen fertilized to lawn grass and plants for foliage growth. Best for plants like lettuce, spinach. Any crop that is being grown for it’s leaf’s to be consumed. Use something with a high first number such as 13-5-5.
Fruiting plants (most summer garden plants) like tomato’s, pepper, corn, melons, squash will all benefit from a fertilizer high in phosphorus. That’s the middle number on your bag of fertilized. Try something like 5-10-5.
Root vegetables need more potassium than nitrogen or phosphorus. Potassium is the third number listed on your bag of fertilizer. Potassium helps grow large healthy roots. Use a fertilizer like 5-5-15 on onions, garlic, radishes, beets, turnips, carrots. Any plant that you are growing for its roots to be consumed.
All fertilizer is rated using the industry standard NPK rating system. Where (N)=nitrogen, (P)= phosphorus and (K)=potassium.
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