NO not that kind of gas. I’m talking about growing Beans and Peas in your backyard garden. Generally speaking, Peas and lentils can be planted much earlier and in a cooler soil than most beans or what is called southern peas.
Now that I have you thinking about planting peas, lentils and beans, you can use the old, and not so accurate guessing the soil temperature or you can splurge and get yourself a cheap thermometer that can be purchased for as little as 4 or 5 dollars. Measure your soil temperature a 1 1/2 to 2 inches deep. That’s where you will be planting your seeds.
Soil temperature is very important. Seeds will not germinate if the soil temperature is to cold. If your soil is to cold and damp your seed will rot in the ground before your seeds get warm enough to germinate. Read your seed package for proper planting time in your USDA hardiness zone. I have listed a few garden plants and the minimum soil temperature that those seeds require to germinate.
Crops that will germinate in the coolest soils, down to 40° F (4° C).
Arugula, fava beans, kale, lettuce, bok choi, parsnips, peas, radicchio, radish, and spinach.
Crops that will germinate with a soil temperature above 50° F (10° C)
Chinese cabbage, leeks, onions, Swiss chard, and turnips.
Crops that will germinate with a soil temperature at or above 60° F (16° C)
White beans, red and black beans, pinto beans and many varieties of green beans, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots and cauliflower, lentils.
NOTE: Beans will not tolerate any frost and may have to be planted again if the temperature goes below freezing.
Crops that will germinate with a soil temperature above 70° F (21° C)
Tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, cucumbers, squash, corn, black-eyed peas, okra, and melons.
NOTE: Tomatoes, eggplants and peppers. Buying potted seedlings may be a better option.
Just For The Fun Of It Plant 3 or 4 short rows of beans or peas of your choice from your pantry. Rows are 12 to 18 inches apart, plants in each row are 4 inches apart.
Three or four short rows will pollinate better and produce more beans or peas than 1 long row.
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